UnitedSpaceAgency's MISSION .... is to provide safe access to and in orbital space to all peaceful people. It is a “Not for Profit Agency” (NPA) designed to open, and make safe, access to Low Earth Orbit and beyond - for all of Earth's many and divided people and nations. In peace.
0904-015 update - I believe (from calculation, not mere choice) that we have a MAJOR PROBLEM that Politicians, Press, Boffins and ordinary people are not aware of. We may already be too late to solve.
PAN PAN PAN = URGENCY, Just short of MAYDAY .. 11 April 2015 – WORSE than I thought...
Research of this section 11 April 2015 has shown the SEVERE DANGER already described below to be IMMINENT and known on the web … to all mankind, see 4 paragraphs below
Clearing the ORBITAL MINEFIELD (“Space Junk” is a poor name) we have caused and inherited Is URGENT and IMPORTANT. To deal with RIGHT NOW ... Next year (2016) it will be more difficult. By 2020 it may no longer be possible. This is a very serious AND URGENT problem that is being ignored perhaps because there is no immediate peril to “the man on the ground” – however, human access to space may be “forever closed” to humankind by our lack of care RIGHT NOW – because it's just so much easier to regard this as “Somebody Else's Problem” it will affect humanity FOR EVER if we don't deal with it right now. I may be wrong, of course... ignore me now, you, me, and all our children may pay6 the huge price.
corporations and nations are still adding to this … But even if they stopped, the problem would continue to accelerate from the increasingly frequent, increasingly ignored, ultra high velocity collisions of derelict vehicles travelling “forever” at 27,000 Km/hr and crossing the equator every 45 minutes, each piece in a different direction. Every collision at such a velocity vastly multiplies the chance of future “smaller” collisions. This debris is not FLYING, it's ORBITING … unaffected by Earth's gravity it does not fall to earth – it just takes up (a lot more) slightly different orbits until (each piece's) next collision. The Equatorial orbit is the only one we should use. - or should ever have used.
In SavingThePla.net I list “Access to Orbit” as the second most important thing... But it is by far the most URGENT thing – more than “Global Climate change” at position #3, and more URGENT than limiting Population Growth (at position #1) – 2b covered on UnitedEarthAgency.com
All these plans, and human access to space may no longer be possible within 5 years. Wake up, Human!
PAN PAN PAN .. 11 April 2015
Even the NAME of this imminent danger is known It's Envisat (8,200Kg) ...and it's currently orbiting, out of control in POLAR ORBIT There are 2 catalogued objects (also, out of control) expected to either hit or pass within about 200 metres (yards) of it every year, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Envisat …and that's just the KNOWN and tracked and LARGE objects in similarly stupid Polar inclined orbits.
Envisat also crosses the equator every 45 minutes at a relative velocity of 10Km/second ( 36,000 Km/Hr...about Mach30) giving 32 chances a day of hitting anything there (thats about 10,000 such equatorial orbit crossings per year). NASA is (2011) tracking 22,000 such objects http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Space_debris . the “problem” is referred to as “The Kessler Syndrome” that has already made several orbits “no longer viable”. When (“if” is not the right word) WHEN Envisat is hit, ALL of LEO (Low Earth Orbit) will become a minefield, as the Envisat (and its future debris) is in a polar LEO – the very worst orbit for craft and debris.
WHY is there so much inaction about this?
Usual answer – We don't see it because of the SEP field – It's in plain sight, but we don't see it, because it's “Somebody Else's Problem” (WE didn't launch it!)… but it most certainly isn't just somebody else's problem – this collision – this week, or next year, will mark the end of “The Space Age” and human access to space for many generations
It can only be “Fixed” NOW before it happens... PAN-PAN-PAN – I call on America, Russia, China, Europe and anyone else with a LEO launch facility to sell me an extremely urgent launch. Who Pays is largely irrelevant – I'd even take money from the worlds GreediestMan.com (Bill Gates?) and prostitute myself to him to save my – our – http://OnePla.net … Here's How...
Urgent LEO Orbital Minefield clearance. … with equipment available THIS WEEK, 6 ships should be launched from whatever spaceports, wherever. Just one is not enough... if it turns out that it is, and in time, the other 5 can handle some less imminent risks. If the first one doesn't work the space age may be ended before a second one gets there. COST? $10M usually gets a 2.5 tonne craft to LEO, commercially. If it costs 1Bn to get rid of this imminent end to humanities access to space, that is a cheap price. This is no time to be scungey. Or self righteous, mean and uncaring – those that CAN do something but don't are despicable. NASA has capabilities, Russia has capabilities, China, Japan, and ESA (“the guilty party who launched it?” ) has capabilities, but they all are MEAN and UNCARING – It takes some Old Age Pensioner roughing it “backpacking” in Asia to go without luxury to jerk the GUILTY CONSCIENCE you SHOULD have for ignoring this. Please contact me as a matter of great urgency …. Oxford@UnitedSpaceAgency.com Please do your homework first.
Even a small (100Kg) rocket package could provide some ESSENTIAL collision avoidance capability, but this (and other Low POLAR orbit debris (and active satellites that have lost the ability to steer out of collision – active ones should not be in such orbits either. A bigger propellant payload is needed to de-orbit Envisat, but even a little steering is better than none. The “rescue” ships are ALSO a hazard, and should also deorbit ASAP … but take a few bits of other lethal debris or satellites down with them as they do
***** ##### *****
IF we survive this imminent danger
we may become more caring, learn from the experience without another “Titanic” event.
… all this other stuff is irrelevant if we cannot access space for another 1,000 years or so, and just ONE incident, perhaps today, will make that the case.... PAN-PAN-PAN
Lunar pumping orbits
Lunar surface tethers
LEO-PORT.com looks like this, and is assembled in Equatorial orbit at 300Km. It is replaced by a similar ship, and moved up to 900Km Equatorial orbit as Haven1.com – see the websites. Other craft of similar design, but varying size can travel throughout the inner solar system. Cargo can be transferred between them by RotatingTethers – so can inertial energy, reducing the (initially high) need for rocket propellants.
They consists of 3 “Habitubes” (Red and blue) that are 10metres in diameter and 200metres long. Parabolic dishes on the tube ends ALWAYS point at the sun, with the red tubes rotating around the central “zero gravity” tube at ONE revolution per minute. The green (passageway) tubes of 100metre length, causing an effective 1/10 gravity in the red tubes – which are the living areas. The “suspended “ purple object at the Parabola's focus is the SMHE collector...Our solar electrical power generation capability is very high
The HabiTubes are assembled from the fuel tanks of AscentCraft , joined together and modified as shown below by Spidermen ….
A later (extended) modification adds a 20metre diameter tube as shown below, which runs at ½ sea level air pressure – equivalent to air pressure on Earth at 3Km height (10,000 ft) still suitable for agriculture and livestock, and gives the passengers and crew more full-pressure space, and more “outdoor” space (at reduced pressure) for orchards, trees, livestock. And more protection
The (unextended) Haven1 craft shown weighs approximately 3,000 tonne, costs about $3Billion and can house 100 people, their support agriculture and services. Far too large and heavy to launch “conventionally” or assemble by “men in spacesuits” Low Earth. Orbit is ALREADY too dangerous to go out in a spacesuit. Current “commercial” cost to Orbit is $3M-$4M/ tonne, Our “production line” modules cost about $1M /tonne ($30M per 30 tonne orbited)
Establishing these first two bases, and the collection of Orbital Minefield debris is essential and urgent, but these two ships are only “basecamp” zones. They need to be this size and weight to prepare for and allow development further out... but a lot of orbital debris is in quite severely inclined orbit, which is a severe collision risk, and requires a lot of delta-V (and therefore, propellants) so we also have to launch (still from the equator, but optionally elsewhere) some collection ships in these inclined orbits such as canaveral and ISS --- to which LEO-PORT and equatorial debris is a substantial risk. This limits the number of retrieval craft we can deploy, as these actively change orbits (to collect this other debris) … however, components for other habitats are assembled here, and tether accelerated to higher (and often tangential) orbits above 1,000Km. Some debris collector craft are tether accelerated first to start clearing an orbit (and a path to it) first. The collector craft use recycled parts from the original Ascent craft, and contain “spare” spidermen for these operations, well before (small) live crews are sent higher - Haven1 (and LEO-PORT are not only Life-Ships but also hospitals and supply depots, just as are Base Camps to mountaineers (or 7-11 shops to Thailand Backpackers ;-)
We know the exact position and velocity of all our craft, and all are equipped with high resolution cameras and strobes in the “dark” part of orbit that enable much smaller pieces of debris to be mapped that approaches them, such that their orbits can be determined accurately for later interception and capture. So much data is obtained in this way that it could overload even our laser communication channels, and is physically sent back to Earth on microchips for examination by large machines and big teams there. Rapid moves between collection rendezvous points may require chemical rocketry, but each AscentCraft typically has several tonnes of reserve fuel on arrival at LEO-PORT. Some is used by the port to actively avoid collisions, as well as to re-boost orbital losses, but generally VASIMR engines are used for small corrections on a continuous small acceleration at an appropriate SI, saving the LOX and fuel (Kerosene or Hydrogen) for these collection ships more rapid acceleration needs. We can also use our tether system to throw out packages of less valuable mass (such as furnace slag from lunar regolith) to provide acceleration reaction, so long as the “waste” package is thrown to collide with Earth's atmosphere (or the moon's surface) rather than in a direction where it become more orbital debris
“Crowd Funding comes from all of us - as the benefit also come to all of us. GREED funding by corporations and nations (expecting a big ongoing profit, fees and system control) would be a bad idea. There isn't MONEY in clearing up junk, so such entities won't do it. Those that put this junk up SHOULD pay, but are not likely to do so, and claim “its not a problem” … or if it is, It's not theirs. “The sixties approach” to accessing space from competitive and secretive national bases NOT on the equator should be stopped. It is now far from suitable, and since 1960 an increasing amount of this hazardous waste has been put into thousands of different orbits which cross each other and Earth's equator every 45 minutes at a relative speed of about 10Km/second. They, and their multiplying collision fragments will soon make manned space-flight almost impossible. We need to clear this debris up NOW, before it's too late, and we are surrounded by this space minefield
Here's how to do it.
STOP PUTTING MORE SHIT into non-equatorial orbit...
CREATE a repository and active space junk retrieval system, that also provides a safe route and home for humans of all nationalities.
UnitedSpaceAgency calls for your services and support. I ask for the aid of Individuals, industries, nations and global help organizations. Please help me organize this.
This is a SuperGlobal.Org (Agency) charged with developing orbital habitats - ones not beholden to any individual, national,religious or corporate greed group. To EVERYone
Our Orbital tasks involve
Construction/assembly of permanent orbital habitats LEO-PORT and Haven1
Cleanup of lethal orbital debris “Space junk”
Daily transport to LEO-PORT and beyond for non-military (inspect-able) missions
lift and transfer of approved commercial missions to higher orbits and beyond.
Being visibly Honest and Caring - Continuously inspect-able on the www.
Employment of remote workers and crew
Production of interplanetary and descent craft
produce “microgravity component manufacturing”
Capture and repair dysfunctional satellites
Funding. The $10Bn per year needed is raised from the 6Bn people it benefits – about 10cents per week, less some places, more other places... FAIRLY. Electoral7.com is such a system for letting everyone contribute and be heard. Nations receive payment in terms of honor and Kudos for their contribution. We will take commercial money for planned commercial, art and entertainment, and travel within a short period, to the benefit of ongoing work, not pre-calculated ROI
Management. A high honor, the people must be able to see, and replace poor performers, but the salary in dollars is not excessive. Again. Electoral7.com provides checks and balances, Who is the best person for that job>???? How much (cash) should we pay the GM / CEO. How good are GM advisers?
Timescale most parts of AscentCraft are commercially available –
within 6 months flights could commence....
within 1 year the habitat could be operational with 12 permanent crew, 50 permanent residents and 30 “tourist” guests. agriculture, livestock, aquaculture.
500 Spidermen remotes in productive jobs for 5000 people on Earth. Have cleared some dangerous space junk – and have produced some descent Craft in our orbital workshop (for returning tourists and high value goods. )
Be able to take Work or adventure Excursions to higher orbits and return
Within 3 years, Haven1 operative, with rotating-tethers transferring goods and mass-velocity between it and LEO-PORT then to clarke belt, LaGrange orbits, lunar pumping orbits, low lunar orbit and access, and commence Phobos orbital habitat run (every 15 months) ….
Engineers. Competent Engineers compare performancs, test failure liabilities and strengths on models and full size AscentCraft Key <“Triple safe” “backup” and alternate load transfer for ascent and descent,,,>
Crew The first crews are Spidermen.CO three spidermen remotes ride each ascent craft. Each spidermen remote is controlled by 3 operators in Virtch suits, safely in the operator control room on earth.
SavingThePla.net – clearing the multiplying Space-Junk is the second most important needed action – ahead of climate change, below increased overpopulation
We need a safe “disposal” place and collection system. It may need to be done from above in the near future - even small pieces hit at enormous speeds, which lightweight spacecraft may be destroyed by. A ten tonne orbiting junk pice can be recovered easier and can be avoided better than a thousand 10Kg lumps – which are much more likely to hit and break up any other lump, including themselves. “dodging” them gets exponentially harder
We need to start with Life-Ships, an effective sustainable habitat, farm and workplace in Low Earth Orbit. LEO-PORT and Haven1 describe these:-
www.LEO-PORT.com – A (200km) Equatorial Low Earth Orbit is about as close as we can get for long term orbiting. For rescue and recovery missions.
www.Haven1.com – close to 900Km, this is below Van-Allen radiation belt, but safer from the atmosphere, space-Junk and traffic.
Existing space techniques and enthusiasm need re-vitalising. Humans first achieved orbit 50 years ago, landed on the moon 8 years later, and since then has done very little unless a quick and large profit was to be had. A lot of dangerous debris has been “junked” in orbit, where it continues to circle the earth at 7.5Km/sec, and occasionally (now more than annually) collide with other “space junk” - or NOT junk, such as a habitat or any new craft ascending. Space-Junk is our SECOND biggest global problem, “Climate change” comes third. (See www.SavingThePla.net )
To provide safe access to and in orbital space to all peaceful people.
How we plan to do this.
Habitats LEO-PORT and Haven1 are constructed from components brought to orbit by AscentCraft. (removably) joined together large tanks are assembled by SpiderMen into 3 large diameter long cylinders which become these 2 (and more) habitats. They are effectively LIFE-SHIPS See :- www.LIFE-SHIPS.com www.LEO-PORT.com www.Haven1.com www.AscentCraft.com www.Spidermen.Co
Present orbital spacecraft are all of the 1940's type. The WW2 German V2 were manufactured at 560 per month in 1945. improvement until 1970 , not much since. Launched fully fuelled.
UnitedSpaceAgency uses a different “Fleet” launch approach. Our (30 tonne) ascent craft consists mostly of a large tank, (about10metres diameter, 7m tall) – about 500 cubic metres, not streamlined for low level high speed ascent. We don't. - the craft is Broad, not very tall, unlike the streamlined darts we are used to seeing. … Their ascent flight through Earth's atmosphere is slow, subsonic. This means a lot more fuel is used – particularly in the initial 20Km ascent . The planned orbital Ascent craft is but one of a fleet of similar craft that do not go to orbit (on this trip), but transfer fuel and oxidant to the orbital craft in “flight”.
The (one) orbit bound ascent craft is otherwise a “single stage to Orbit” - and does not discard any tanks, engines, or anything else in their ascent other than their rocket motor's exhaust. The planned flight is “an aerial Ballet” with many other ascent craft transferring fuel to this orbit bound module before “detaching” , “Mostly empty” but with enough fuel to safely return to a dry retro landing on any hard surface. The attachment need not be of great strength or rigidity. To propel the other craft... It just needs to transfer fuel and oxygen.
Www.Rotating-tethers.com are the most efficient in achieving such a rendezvous and perhaps capture (if our returning “garbage bag” can handle a few gravities...
These rotating tethers are also used for inter-orbit inertial transfers between orbits (such as LEO-PORT and Haven1) with inertial losses being slowly rebuilt by the habitats VASIMR engines (magnetic Ionised particle accelerators) which (with a LOT of electrical power) can provide particle exhaust speeds of up to 100Km/sec, thereby reducing the mass of “propellant” or “reaction mass” needed to accelerate a big mass by a small amount.
High Power supply is provided by a turbine running from a large (fixed) parabolic dish on “the pointed end” of the habitube, which always faces the sun. Photo-voltaic panels should NOT be used in orbit as they are large yet unprotected and likely to shatter or fragment if hit by any space junk. A metal sheet or a foil parabola can be very large and also IS a Whipple shield. This provides many times the habitat's power needs, enabling high power VASIMR thruster use to slowly change station orbit with a minimum use of reaction mass.
Secure Communications at large bandwidth is essential – there should be at least 2 downlinks to earth, plus a satellite link. (not as broad, and with a slower response time)
United Space Agency may prefer to use stainless steel tanks, despite their heavier weight. This is because we need mass for solar and other radiation protection when the tank is part of a habitat. It's also cheaper and easier to weld and test, and has better erosion resistance. We could use lithium/aluminium alloys or carbon fibres if we need to, reducing the Ascent Crafts dry weight from 30 tonnes to 20 tonnes.
Kerosene-Rocket engines give greater thrust to weight ratios than Liquid Hydrogen rocket engines, and their turbo pumps are not worked as hard, nor need to handle such low cryogenic temperatures, nor does “the plumbing” - including in-flight fuelling. Kerosene-Rocket motors are also a lot cheaper and easier to make, plumb, and steer. Their lower specific impulse is still enough.
The Russian NK-33 rocket engines were manufactured between 1968 and 1962, more than 100 were mothballed by USSR – some flew in 2013. it is more powerful than we need. Ancient electronics replaced.. view http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rocket_engines#cite_note-NK33-14 new engines developed by Elon Musk's “Space-X” would suffice, but need to be in pairs (ie, 12 engines) they are the only engines now (2013, 45 years later) to exceed the above's power-weight ratio from 136 to 160. we need only 100 – hydrogen / oxygen engines would be better if cheap and reliable enough. A Hybrid that uses hydrogen for the rocket turbine pumps may be worthwhile
A Single large (perhaps LH2 fuelled) rocket turbine pump can supply high pressure fuel and oxidant to all 7 rocket engine chambers and nozzles, Normally 2 operate at half power during ascent, allowing normal operations should one fail,. A third turbo pump powers the fuel transfer system (lower pressure, bigger volume) OR can run most of the main engines.. they are all useful components in LEO-PORT and Haven1 after being used to deliver their main components – Habitubes to Low Earth Orbit.
There is no “Magic” in getting these craft to orbit – A fleet approach of many such craft keep the fuel tanks full for the intended orbital module, up to about 70Km height and 2Km/sec downrange speed, with the refuelling ascent craft “dropping off” periodically, each with enough fuel left to brake, return and land safely, still with a fuel reserve on any flat surface Though preferably a prepared spot from which they may be refuelled and re-launched. The orbiter is the only ascent craft intended for orbit, though the supporting fleet size may be 20 such craft.
Although there are 16 “windows” for launch per day from a given equatorial location, it is strongly preferred to launch in the late afternoon, ie only ONE flight per day – this is so that the first 45 minutes in orbit are “darkside” - protected from the sun by the Earth, so that preparation and shielding for the next 45 minutes in full sunlight can be adequate
shielded from sunlight, the cryogenic oxygen and fuel reserves can be stabilized – Burnt to H2O and CO2 cooled to dry ice. We typically hope to arrive in orbit with about 4 tonnes of “reserve” propellants – unless an engine or two fail...this IS acceptable “cargo” CO2 ice is easy to store and vary pressure with. And can be re-converted to fuel and O2.
Previously 0607-013 Chiang Mai, TH
There is an URGENT need to clear the “minefield” of space-Junk to a collection point, and to provide a safe harbour there for it and for people. This starts at LEO-PORT. An assembly area in the easiest to reach safe orbit – 200Km equatorial. A second (and safer) orbit at about 900Km can contain radioactive waste PLUTONIUM that remains in middle orbits from the cold war era, such as Cosmos495 series spy-craft discarded PIG generators (Plutonium Inert Gas)
ANY material mass is useful for mass shielding a habitat from solar flares. The current cost for any such shielding material is currently $4M per tonne. It cannot safely be returned to Earth, the only planet in our system where this material was produced. This sun and its planets do not have any. It is still being produced in BREEDER REACTORS to make weapons and generate power from.
The safe recovery (and recycling) of SPACE JUNK is an important priority – most people are unaware of the extreme hazard this represents to humankind's future ability to go anywhere off planet. And added danger to it..
NPO “Corporate Leaders” WANTED
Mission Specialists WANTED
AscentCraft Pilots WANTED
SpiderMen.Co wanted SpiderMen.Co
The AscentCraft has 6 rocket engines and weighs 30 tonnes, most of that weight is 3 large fuel tanks, each with a 150 cubic metre volume
The 6 rocket engines mass 6 tonnes total, and produce up to 600 tonnes of lift. We only need 90 tonnes at takeoff, even with engines at 45 degrees outward tilt, this is a very low setting for 3 engines, and a failure could be quickly rectified with much power available rapidly.
takeoff weight is 60 tonnes (30 tonnes propellants) This is a low power setting. 90 tonnes thrust is optimal.
Several failures, even engines are permitted, pilot pulls the right levers to rectify, varies the throttle settings and balance
(or lets the autopilot guide engage “feel the instructors movement without taking control. Overide if needed. Eject if needed)
You'd only be doing a short flight to 500m high, 100 seconds maneuvering, then a quick descent at 1/4 gravity, and a 2G retro landing on a prepared stand
(or unprepared) surface.
Training in a simulator can be by simulator software, or you may fly a scale model, or the full AscentCraft with feedback from the spiderman on board.that feels the reality there, is seen to do so.
www.SpiderMen.Co seeks skilled SpiderMen (remote operator mechanism) to carry out tasks.
It may seem similar to the computer “quake” game scenario, but co-operative teams working together at a goal of constructive value.
As a skilled operator, you can sell your skills “as a clone, remote model” SEE and also FEEL at the remote location, and handle objects, perhaps just with 2 pairs of pliers (4 pliers in Austrliar.com is a card game.) - or better with a remote “hand simulacrum” glove image, that can roll a cigarette, turn a screwdriver, apply a power tool. If you're a craftsman of any skill, you may apply those skills to remote objects, without leaving the local office.
Spidermen - Skills Needed
Reasonable Technical knowledge and good English Language (English is the main traveler’s language) are important skills, though other languages may be useful to operate WITH PEOPLE who don't understand it. Solarian is a proposed language based on English, but written with greater phonetic accuracy, such as the word “wind” sometimes pronounced “Wined” but not slackass american – “metre” is not “meter” or any mix of yards, inches, feet, miles, furlongs or short-change gallons
Two “footmen” are also needed to move a SpiderMen “Avatar” around securely, and handle “cabling”, perhaps umbilical tasks. Once our Avatar's body is secure in the required place, the footmen operators can take a rest, or help another spider-man change positions – elsewhere -, on a web that is MORE than world wide.
Size and appearance of a spider-man “Avatar” may be identical to the operator (and, of course, “carries” his voice, eyes. ears and understanding) and may be of equal strength.
The other 2 “footmen” in the “spider” bit could be replaced by an electric wheelchair for terrestrial tasks, such as nursing, Operator's balance skills may enable the Avatar to ride a motorbike.... or a monocycle!. A paraplegic can operate a Spider-man Avatar.
Size and strength of the avatar can also be increased or reduced – doubled, halved, quartered, 1%, sub mm size perhaps sub micron size. Medical implications are huge to a surgeon. A bigger, stronger, avatar can do heavy rescue work in dangerous areas without having to take great personal risks. Unfortunately, they may also be used (misused) as soldiers. Any exterior work in orbital space should ONLY be done by Spidermen. Even a 1mm piece of space debris at orbital speed would be fatal to the occupant of a mere “spacesuit”
Other Staffing needs
This “Operator”, Me, Oxford....a Wizard or “Systems Designer” needs a P.A. - and Competent Engineers to interface with – and Project leaders, accountants, advisers, to raise and handle much larger amounts of “public money” than I could, to interface to legal and (not for profit) corporate operations, as well as ordinary commercially purchased supplies and labor. WITH A COMMON LANGUAGE, these people need not meet in one office, or one factory, or even be physically located in one country. Teleconference... use Spidermen if you want to shake hands or embrace, rescue the injured, or nurse the frail.
The enthusiasm of the 1960's got humans beyond “ground hogs” into orbit, and to the moon. It's been 50 years of very little development, with no “Henry Ford” approach to mass production of Standard-Machines. More rubbish or “disused” hardware cleanup campaign yet exists, despite the escalating hazard to any who would venture through this effective minefield or battle field of ultra-high speed “bullets” that may travel for thousands of years before finding “a target” … yet more and more large objects are “discarded” (to save the cost of clean-up = “Some future person's Problem”. This future problem could also effect “elders” beyond 2020, when Practical Immortality is predicted to become a reality. Individuals may soon be able to live for millennia see www.Circa2020.com which is on target from 1997 “Moores Law” predictions. It may affect YOU, not just your less fortunate children. Let's get some enthusiasm to do the right things!
If you have some of the needed skills, or ideas how things could be done better, Contact me Oxford@ItsUpToMe.com
My motto, You are welcome to share!
“If It's To Be, It's Up to Me”
Paid and voluntary positions
This is a NPA - “Not for Profit Agency” it is designed for the good of humanity, our fellow creatures and environs. A bit of voluntary help would be welcomed, but to ask highly skilled people to spend a lot of time working for such a cause, without payment, may be too big an ask. There needs to be funding to pay enough wages to live on to those we ask to take on a sizable load. This is not a “shareholder” company, except insofar as that ALL good people benefit, and, hopefully, will be prepared to help others avoid a more dismal future due to their parents and grandparents selfish needs. I don't have children, but have let this planetary (and extra-planetary) pollution continue... I've been part of it. I owe the Y generation , I don't own the X generation, The Z generation are going to be in deeper shit.
Ascent Craft www.AscentCraft.com
The AscentCraft needed to make a large and safe LOW GRAVITY living environment are to be mass produced modules. A (choreographed) fleet of these craft interact in several modes such that though only 1 craft reaches orbit, the other (15?) craft are flown to and retro land on any flat surface, ready to re-fuel and use again. See AscentCraft.com
LEO-PORT is the first big step. It is a single assembly point in Low Earth Orbit for all Ascent craft to go to. Its orbit is on the solar plane, not planetary equator and takes about 90 minutes at about 300Km “altitude”. This may be elliptical or raised or lowered, in order to optimize payload deliverable to it. This facility consists of 3 separate (tapering) large pressurized habitat cylinders. In parallel, the point of all 3 aim at the sun, but they are tethered and rotated at right angles to this. With 100 metre spacing, and at 1 revolution per minute. The outer 2 cylinders have a centrifugal gravity of 1m/s-s … or 1/10 normal gravity, enabling normal eating, toilet and walking around, though falling over doesn't hurt or harm, and carrying hefty weights is easy. A 5 metre step up or down is as easy as a 500mm step on earth. And is a lot slower.
The central cylinder merely rotates at 1RPM and has little effective gravity, though full atmosphere and shielding, and easy docking facilities – construction and recycling as well as Zero-G … ENTERTAINMENT can be done there, naked, if you wish. Materials can be made in zero gravity not possible to make on earth.
Haven 1 www.Haven1.com
Haven 1 is similar to, and built at LEO-Port, before boosting to a 900Km orbit – basically a village of about 100 people, with agriculture and animal husbandry (farming) to make this “village” largely independent. Eventually, it will be a retirement home, perhaps hospital and occasional transfer point for outward bound craft. (? It's orbital period 110 minutes, perhaps.) every few orbits it will be (600Km) above LEO-Port.
Rotating-Tethers of considerable length (1km – 100Km) can release (or catch) a “package” from one end at high relative speed to their hub. If acurately done, this enables (a micro-steerable) package to be sent between two such (synchronised) tethers, without having to use rocket propellant. The two habitats described above can send, receive, or exchange packages thus. This also exchanges inertial mass, changing the velocity of the habitats slightly – an amount that the VASIMR (High power, low mass electric “rockets”) can gradually adjust, yet obtain a fast package transfer. The heftier the hub's anchor mass is, the bigger the throw-able package can be. On LEO-Port, when heavy enough, a loaded Ascent craft can be caught from less than orbital speed, increasing its effective payload. More on this later...
The first crew is Spider Men ( www.SPIDERMEN.Co ) who can do both interior and exterior assembly work in orbit – then move on to other tasks. These typically work as a team under a captains guidance in a safe place such as an office. If feedback needs to be zero gravity, then you'll need a hookah and a warm water tank... that's HOOKAH... underwater breathing mask, not a floozie. (during working hours?) mostly not needed.
3 people operate each of these (orbiting) SpiderMen “mechanisms” - 2 on the 8 legs (and yes, spinneret ) to position the (Torso+arms+head) of the “man” part whose (remote) “chair” is brought to his required (remote) work position to tighten nuts, bend flanges, and screw widgets, as required. Later on, they'll do farming, chef and other “fixit” jobs.
Human Crew and Passengers, Visitors
“Turning E.T”. Is a permanent position. It is not for the young, and initially consider NEVER returning to Earth. Later, people under (say) 50 may live for a long time in a Haven craft, then return to earth, (perhaps via “earth normal gravity sections” may be desired on larger (rotational diameter) “ships” or “habitats”
Haven1 continues to provide a nice environment for as long as you live, and its “Ladder Position” and mass make it very useful for taking up “packages” (and Inertial energy) AND bringing to lower levels materials from moons, asteroids and other planets, GAINING inertial energy rather than expending fuels on retro rockets.
Who wants to go, who should go, who pays, and why.
The core crew of a UnitedSpaceAgency ship is a 12 person crew, and about 90 other persons are housed and go about their activities. Much of the mechanical work is carried out by the many SpiderMen (remotely operated from Earth) the first two habitats are added to both in size and in numbers, and in missions.
Haven2 – and others may occupy an orbit of 30,000km (8 hour orbit?) or 76.000Km 24 hour orbit or lunar L1 Lagrange point 28 day orbit ..or lunar low orbit, where a rotating tether can drop and pick up objects with a rotating tether without losing orbit. Material brought from the moon to LEO-Port contains a lot of inertial energy reducing the need for rocket fuel, AND adding to inertial mass shielding needs. In these capture moves a rapid human response and steering is needed, not attainable from Earth because of the time lag caused by distance, even at the speed of light. Very much more so when in solar orbit or orbiting other planets, asteroids, etc. some “young and fast” responses may be needed there. And a community to live in on trips of many months or even years. The resources of asteroids, particularly Helium-3 are of enormous value.
a LOT of man made pollution “Space Junk” is already in orbit, multiplying many fold when a (no longer infrequent) collision or explosion in orbit scatters lethal debris. Very soon after LEO-Port is under construction, we send out “spare” SpiderMen on Plasma-Tugs “scooters” (solar electric powered rockets) to recover any sizeable lumps and bring/send them back to LEO-Port for salvage/re-use – This has be done soon, if we do not want our space access forbidden by a billion bits of debris with orbital collision speeds of 10Km/second. This is perhaps the second, rather than 3rd (housekeeping) use of these (remote) persons. Humans cannot wait another 10 years until the problem is a lot greater. Or continue ignoring this problem. Our be-scootered Spidermen are already at risk, and a risk. But, (undamaged) they are traceable and can also be “rescued” or “salvaged” this procedure need not wait until there are live humans aboard LEO-Port, but a “recovered junk” tank is. Missions could start within 4 days of operation start to secure this orbit, and others. Rotating-Tethers minimize fuel needs, VASIMR drives do too, but it is worth some conventional rocketry to get larger lumps secured ASAP.
WHO PAYS? And Costings...
The proposed budget is $10Bn/year – But no individual or nation is asked to contribute more than 10% of that, or, if they do so, to have that extra “investment” credited to a (peaceful) nation less able to pay.. United does not issue “Shares” in the project, for money. This is a project for the betterment of mankind, and to rectify some of our past and present lack of care for OUR world(s)
(from www.SavingThePla.net - our children will have to survive in (or not) due to hazards left, and resources depleted by Baby Boomer Generation, (1945-65), X generation (1965-1985), and Y Generation (1985-2005) …. The Z generation (2005-2025) are going to be far too numerous to have a good time, and their parents concern is mostly greedy selfishness, and deliberate ignorance. It's world Problem #1. This is #2, “climate change” is #3 )
A contribution of 10 CENTS and 10 minutes per week is all that is required – In www.Electoral7.com I propose a system for everyone to have a say, and help steer our common future. The 10 cents/week from the 6Bn people that are capable of contributing this amount totals $31.2Bn per year – and the 10 minutes per week directs how we spend this amount for the betterment of ALL of us. The other 1Bn of the present global population does not have enough to eat, yet is still having babies, and lacks education. “Not much” is being done about this, except “to sweep it under the carpet” - and create more babies here, for the entertainment of parents and the greed of capitalist industries. Politics? It is a world problem, ignored by nations and individuals, particularly “new” parents. See SavingThePla.net
OFFICAL LAUNCH SD0101-004 : 04Jan 2011 ...No fireworks, yet, but a chance to share an extraterrestrial future.
A new series of StratoLaunch.com projects, and training for remote piloting
... is perhaps in the hands of “a pinball wizard” of sorts, that can fly an aircraft or spacecraft quickly and accurately on VIRTCH.COM - .. VirtualPRESENCE.BIZ - TELEPRESENCE.BIZ .. Where a pilot sees out of the craft and quickly has to align and attach to it. - and feels through his controls the stresses exerted on the craft. He can also “lower the target” somewhat, with held from “the receiving hook” which can be winched in and out of an aircraft in flight, and there be refuelled. More than 300 tonnes could be thus CARRIED whilst its tanks are filled, air to air.
A 300 tonne kerosene-rocket.com gets only about 4% of its fuel and oxygen mass to orbit - ie, about 12 tonnes. Not as good as LH2 – Liquid Hydrogen which would get about 16 tonnes there.. We plan to get 30 tonnes there -nearly all of which is the empty tanks and engines of a “no-waste” de-facto launch (full tanks, and 3g) from 100Km 2km/sec VulcanHelp.com – a rocket tanker converted bib bomber in which 5 thrill seekers can ride up to 300Km high, and safely return... mostly.. ;-) A ballet of several such remotely piloted craft , attaching to and detaching from the main orbiter re-enter the atmosphere using retro and air braking before hook recapture.... we might have used 1500 tonnes of fuel, but the VulcanHelp.com gets ALL the ascent craft to orbit, or back for re use by skilled remote pilots
TripleUse is the motto at UnitedSpaceAgency ! these large tanks become a habitable space. Large Sections screw together, more details on StratoLaunch.com shortly. 0401-011
A good part of www.SavingThePla.net is to have “others” living “elsewhere” - and to clean up the increasing hazards of space junk.
Www.FineAnswers.com I have, to many of the innovations needed to ensure humankind's survival – but I need skilled people to make this a reality.
Dick Smith – where are you?
Legal framework, company register?
men over 50.
Crew, emigration and citizenship
People under 50 should be enjoying the earth. Once living in low gravity for extended periods, returning to earth may not be possible without severe fitness training.those emigrating or as crew should have no reason to return there – no offsprings or dependants to be left behind. Paying guests or Visitors OK
keen Game players can learn how to fly a simulator, then fly a model, then fly the real thing! On TheVirtch.com , of course
… all for today...
UnitedSpaceAgency.com is NOT an "Exclusively (or primarily) USA" "club", (though USA is not excluded, and their help and company welcome, so long as they don't bring guns with them...!
website, the DESIGNS and most of the linked websites are controlled
by Lord Oxford (©) on a
shoestring budget from Piggabeen, Australia, with plans to include
all in humankind's greatest expeditions (Sun 11Feb007) -Update
The present system of getting to space depends entirely on rockets and is only about 1% efficient - a cargo launch vehicle to deliver 7 tonnes to LEO (Low Earth Orbit) weighs about 700 tonnes at blast off and costs US$21million (soviet or chinese launch). This represents US$3,000/Kg. I can do better, AND I can live with that for now.
UnitedSpaceAgency continued .. Although international PR has been enhanced by taking up "approved semi-tourist astronauts" (and giving them "Astronaut" badges) there are no SERIOUS plans for getting ordinary people to orbit, though a handful of very rich people have bought seats on some Russian launches to a non-tourist "svientific" and political facility grandly called ISS "The International Space Station".. well, There are better ways to do this, and better places to go, for better reasons, and "More pressing problems" both in orbit and on the ground.
The HIGH POLLUTION HAZARD US SPACE SHUTTLE NA7A.COM costs a lot more,(about US$150million for 30 tonnes) and whilst in orbit exposes a large area of ceramic surfaces to (Mainly man-made) micro debris in LEO further polluting those orbits. This needs to be cleaned up and THIS "USA" (United Space Agency) plans to do so, including several PLUTONIUM power packs still orbitting from the former USSR's "Cosmos" series spy satellites, conveniently "forgotten" for now
Although the "sexiest" or most appealing "human face" of the project, "other than that" it should not be the first, but "because of that" it perhaps should be, as it is not an overly expensive showpiece, and offers a safe refuge for other "commercial" space users, and, to some extent, a supply base / "farm" and refuge. a second or extra disks can expand on this, and resupply trips to ISS, that currently take waste in the empty eurospace upcraft, and wastefully crash it back to earth can be used, recycled to GOOD effect, even if only as mass shielding, which otherwise has to be brought from Earth at between $3million and $10million a tonne.
GETTING TO GravSat
GravSat is initially a LEO-PORT or "Low Earth Orbit" Port - a transfer place for materials and cargo, to and from Earth, and to and from Higher orbit, and for commercial reasons is kept close (10-100Km) to ISS, as we are 100% dependant on other peoples boosters and traffic to begin with, and can deal with USA, Russia, Europe, Japan, China or other spacefarers there.
Our second requirement is for a human or cargo transfer module, using PlasmaTugs, and A used "Jules Verne" Eurospace resupply vessel - a good base to work from, particularly as these have a standardized access hatch, and are usually discarded after a single trip. we would rebuild and reconfigure it by Telechir / PlasmaTug operations in LEO, toughening up the skin and removing hefty bits for GravSat's mass shielding and frail bits for orbit protection
these Telechir / Plasma-Tugs combination are a principal construction and development tool for much of the LEO (and onward) systems. Sending man-shaped Spacesuits (with a man in them) into unprotected sunlight (or shadow) is unnecessary, and very risky, and we plan to AVOID it! Even in the limited space of Gravsat Proto there is a good zero gravity space (7m diameter x4m wide) to play safely in zero gravity without a bulky suit, and with little danger
Orbital Transfers may precede any attempt at the high development cost and time of a Ground to Orbit boosting System, as these CAN be purchased, though at high cost. We're ready to work with anyones up craft, and recover and recycle them, but are aware that any craft capable of getting to LEO-Port is capable of being an ICBM, so we'd welcome international scrutiny on our own launches, and prefer it for ALL launches. We are STRICTLY NON-MILITARY.
If and/or when we do develop ground to LEO boosting, we do it in basically 3 main stages, all of which are "portable" - we do not have, or need a fixed launch base, just some assembly and storage areas at a good airport or airports, and a few slightly modified commercial jet aircraft. and CRYOGENIC refuelling aircraft which form the first stage, conventionally fuelled (JP4 jet fuel)
the THIRD stage is launched from about 100Km AMSL and 4Km/sec downrange speed, near the equator, and drops no "bits" from theron to LEO-Port where it is unloaded and FULLY re-cycled. VERY expensive parts (defined as more than $10,000/Kg) are seperated and packed for later return to earth, the rest is re-used, re-manufactured or used as mass shielding. For this reason we are happy to have a stronger and heavier than usual fuel tank and hull.
The SECOND stage MAY have some wings and heat shielding for re-entry at a "moderate" 4.5Km/sec (Mach 13) and/or may have a cooling and powered support/steering/retro system to prolong the deceleration time in thin air at 50Km before deploying parachutes/rogallo or other support systems prior to air to air recapture, for re-use
Both the second and third stages (either together, or seperately) are either unfuelled or only partly fuelled (hydrogen only) and are lifted atop one or two adapted airliners. In flight, they are then lifted from atop that lift aircraft by another aircraft (or aircrafts) by supercord cables, and joined and fuelled ready for launch from suspension below that or those aircraft. The idea is to get as high as possible using big wings, possibly even using some rocket motors, or added OXYGEN or air to the supporting aircraft's engines to achieve this. if the support aircraft can handle a mach3 or so re-entry at 30Km or so, that's even better - beyond that, wings and jets become ineffective, but straight out rockets start to work much better. seperation and launch procedure commences, with the TWO recovery craft in place for stage 2 re-capture. one from above, to capture or tow, and one below to receive the topload for rerturn to an airport for re-use.
PRESUMING that launches can be purchased, the Top-Down Approach is preferred. where "the top" is the top of the gravity well, from which we want to "draw water" so to speak. there is almost unlimited energy in near space, but not a lot of mass. However, Earth is extremely lucky to have such a big moon so close, and it is a MAJOR ASSET that makes a much better system of getting "up" possible, just as standing at a wellhead with a rope and bucket makes drawing water easier than climbing up and down the hole to fill up the bucket
Some help from an astrophysicist would be handy to calculate the exact figures, but Low LUNAR orbit is about 1Km/sec, rather than Earth's 7.5Km/sec - and it lacks an atmosphere of any substance (amount) so Low Lunar Orbit is down to one metre, if needs be. thats only rifle bullet velocity, and allows various non-rocket means of lifting to orbit. notably, Rotating-Tethers - and these allow EXCHANGE of masses and velocities to orbits. That is, "pick some mass up at velocity (times mass), and put some down at velocity (times mass)" so this allows us not only to LAND without using rockets (much) but also to "take off" without using rockets (much). if nothing else, this means we could use the much more mass effective plasma (or Ion) drive to boost the LLO (Low Lunar Orbit) tether craft over a "long" period to periodically lift mass from the moon to orbit, and then down Earth's (much bigger) gravity well
A "pumping orbit" can also supply inertial energy to the "top" of this system. The "Lunar Pumping Orbit" extracts inertial energy from the earth-moon system by going "Behind" the orbit of the moon (not behind the moon, behind its moving place in orbit) both "Up" and "Down" relative to Earth, then around the Earth (or a loop "behind" earth's orbit around the sun to pick up more inertial energy from that orbit) to return at greater velocity, and that excess velocity is transferred via a series of Rotating-Tethers and "slung masses" either to lift from the moon, or to lift from the Earth. Excess velocity can be "dumped" or used to power skip-ships or boost orbits from near Earth and/or its upper atmosphere. The mass that takes this million plus Km journey could be an inhabited gravsat, so long as it stayed clear of the Van-Allen radiation belts, for which gravsat is NOT properly shielded
0209-008 ... to be continued :-)